In high school, I wondered whether the Jamaican Americans who made our track team so successful might carry some special speed gene from their tiny island. In college, I ran against Kenyans, and wondered whether endurance genes might have traveled with them from East Africa. At the same time, I began to notice that a training group on my team could consist of five men who run next to one another, stride for stride, day after day, and nonetheless turn out five entirely different runners. How could this be?
We all knew a star athlete in high school. The one who made it look so easy. He was the starting quarterback and shortstop; she was the all-state point guard and high-jumper. Naturals. Or were they?
The debate is as old as physical competition. Are stars like Usain Bolt, Michael Phelps, and Serena Williams genetic freaks put on Earth to dominate their respective sports? Or are they simply normal people who overcame their biological limits through sheer force of will and obsessive training?
The truth is far messier than a simple dichotomy between nature and nurture. In the decade since the sequencing of the human genome, researchers have slowly begun to uncover how the relationship between biological endowments and a competitor’s training environment affects athleticism. Sports scientists have gradually entered the era of modern genetic research.
In this controversial and engaging exploration of athletic success, Sports Illustrated senior writer David Epstein tackles the great nature vs. nurture debate and traces how far science has come in solving this great riddle. He investigates the so-called 10,000-hour rule to uncover whether rigorous and consistent practice from a young age is the only route to athletic excellence.
Along the way, Epstein dispels many of our perceptions about why top athletes excel. He shows why some skills that we assume are innate, like the bullet-fast reactions of a baseball or cricket batter, are not, and why other characteristics that we assume are entirely voluntary, like an athlete’s will to train, might in fact have important genetic components.
This subject necessarily involves digging deep into sensitive topics like race and gender. Epstein explores controversial questions such as:
• Are black athletes genetically predetermined to dominate both sprinting and distance running, and are their abilities influenced by Africa’s geography?
• Are there genetic reasons to separate male and female athletes in competition?
• Should we test the genes of young children to determine if they are destined for stardom?
• Can genetic testing determine who is at risk of injury, brain damage, or even death on the field?
Through on-the-ground reporting from below the equator and above the Arctic Circle, revealing conversations with leading scientists and Olympic champions, and interviews with athletes who have rare genetic mutations or physical traits, Epstein forces us to rethink the very nature of athleticism.
the sports gene - david epstein book free online ... the sports gene - david epstein download ebooks free online ... the sports gene - david epstein download ebooks free popular EPUB download ... Read online or Download download ebooks free the sports gene - david epstein PDF ... This site currently has over a thousand free books available for download in various formats of the sports gene - david epstein best book ... Click Download or Read Online button the sports gene - david epstein download ebooks free free download pdf ... the sports gene - david epstein pdf e-book download ebooks free ... Please click button to get the sports gene - david epstein pdf new book ... the sports gene - david epstein download free of book in format PDF ... the sports gene - david epstein download ebook PDF EPUB, book in english language ... the sports gene - david epstein free download ... Click to Read/Download the sports gene - david epstein download ebooks free PDF ... the sports gene - david epstein popular download ... [download] book the sports gene - david epstein in format PDF ... Download Ebook the sports gene - david epstein download ebooks free pdf free ... the sports gene - david epstein download ebooks free read download ... Download the sports gene - david epstein download ebooks free or read online here in PDF or EPUB ... download ebooks free epub download ... the sports gene - david epstein epub ebook ... the sports gene - david epstein epub ebook popular pdf download ...